my mom has been a self-employed seamstress for the past 20 years or so and is currently in the running for a $150,000 grant from chase to expand her business— her plans in cute mom terms are to, “make apprenticeship trendy again” as well as cultivate a stronger network of other craftspeople and…

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4:53 pm - Thu Sep 18 - 837%
⊿FILED UNDER:jams / ! / !!!! /
I was curious, I often think of sharks as instinct-driven. Is there any evidence of learning or distinct individual behavior?



Wow, I have no idea how I didn’t see this until now! Sorry about that!

This is actually a really, really interesting question. Scientists had, for a really, really long time, basically assumed that sharks were mindless, instinctual killing machines.

However, in the 1950s, Eugenie Clark, my favorite scientist ever, did some experiments where she actually trained lemon sharks to respond to a stimulus. Basically, the sharks learned to press a target and ring a bell in order to get food.


This awesome lady also trained nurse sharks to distinguish between different colored targets to get food.

There have also been studies that have shown scalloped hammerheads, which travel in large schools, actually have pretty complex social structures! There are established hierarchies based on size and gender.

There was even a recent study that suggested that sharks have “friends”- that is, other sharks that they prefer to spend time with! AND that sharks are actually able to learn behaviors from the sharks they spend a lot of time with! (This study is actually really, really cool, and you can read an article about it here!)

So, yeah. Sharks don’t really have “thoughts” or “feelings” like humans do, but they’re definitely way smarter than most people think! They sort of do have different personalities (some tend to be more aggressive, some individuals more mellow, some more adventurous, more social, etc).

Of course, they are really driven by their instincts, but then, so is everything. But that definitely doesn’t mean they aren’t smart, or capable of some really amazing behaviors!!

And yet here’s another reason I love sharks. I believe that any animal is able to make choices through their instincts, this doesn’t mean they actually think, but maybe there is something out there we don’t know. And sharks are no exeption. There is yet too much to learn about them and this type of behavior always surprises me.


listening to a good song but it was in a shrek film so the entire time ur like



excuse me while I go have sex with people *mimes walking down the stairs behind my couch*

❝ When people say ‘This is my baby,’ they don’t always mean a baby. Sometimes they mean a dog. ❞ — A Somali student, on what has surprised her most about the United States. (via africandogontheprairie)


things to say during sex

  • hey wanna hear my impression of you in about three seconds??? AHHHHHHHHHHHHH
  • well well well, someones looking desperate!
  • man its been so long since ive inhabited a body!
  • [slaps self] WOO [slaps self again] WOO! haha
  • pain is hilarious!
  • boy these arms are durable


what i want from series three of in the flesh:

  • episodes 

white savior much